A rocky outcrop, some 575 m. high, towers above the ancient city. On it stand the imposing remains of the Acrocorinth, the fortress of Archaic, Classical and medieval times.
The enceinte, which preserves its Franko-Byzantine and Venetian character, was in many places built on top of the ancient fortifications or was created by renovating them. The only side which can be scaled lies to the west: greater protection here was afforded by a triple wall, itself strengthened by three successive gateways which lead to the broad summit of the fortress.
In antiquity many shrines and temples stood on the slopes. According to an old tradition Poseidon quarrelled with Helios as to which of the two should possess the Acrocorinth, and which the Isthmus. Acrocorinth fell to Helios, and the ancients dedicated an altar to him, as they did to other gods, including Egyptian and Phoenician deities.
The principal temple was that of Aphrodite on the summit of the hill. Its remains have since been obliterated by medieval and Turkish buildings. A little below the temple in antiquity there was a spring known as the Upper Peirene, about which there were many traditions.
Pausanias writes that Peirene was a woman who was transformed into a spring by the tears shed by Artemis for her son Cechrias, who was killed. The magnificent view from the top of Acrocorinth is unique for the variety of the landscape.
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